patterns of innovation

Architectural and component innovation

 Innovations can be ‘architectural’ – changes in the ways different things are put together into a whole system.  Examples might be a motor car, a mobile phone business, a hospital.  And innovations can also be at the ‘component’ level – the parts which go into those systems – for example, the engine, brakes, fuel tank,

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Evolution of the Bicycle

This resource looks at the idea of innovation life cycles and patterns of change, using the example of the evolution of the bicycle from many experiments through to the emergence of a dominant design Click to view case study: The evolution of the bicycle